It seems like some time ago now that Japan threw everything, including the kitchen sink, at the deflation problem. Now they are ripping out the plumbing and anything else they can find to try and escape the deflationary slump which the economy has been suffering from for the best part of the past fourteen years. The latest meeting has seen the Bank of Japan expand its asset purchase-program by a further JPY 10trln (to JPY 40trln). It also chose to extend the maturity of both government and corporate bonds to be purchased under their QE program. It now has an inflation target of 1%, which it remains confident of reaching "in the medium to long term", but that is a long time in central banking terms and markets hold little faith in such a forecast, largely through the bitter experience of recent years (and not only in Japan).